• Kakoli Nath

A STRICT LAW ON POPULATION CONTROL: NEED OF THE HOUR

ABSTRACT


In recent years, much attention has been devoted to the problems of overpopulation and attempts at slowing population growth. Most contemporary estimates for the world's carrying capacity under existing conditions are between 4 billion to 16 billion. Depending on which estimate is employed, human overpopulation may have already occurred. Nevertheless, the recent rapid increase in human population has created concern.



This rapid climb increase was mainly caused by a decreasing death rate (more rapidly than birth rate), and particularly a rise in average human age. By 2000 the population counted 6 billion heads. However, the increase (doubling time) began to decline after 1965 due to decreasing birth rates. This essay will describe all about population, factors affecting population growth, population growth rate, and solutions for controlling the population as population control is significant to save our resources for our future generation and if there will be more population than more demands and more consumption of resources.



INTRODUCTION


"Men begets, but the land does not beget."

Population refers to the total number of beings living in a particular area. Population helps us get an estimate of the number of beings and the way to act accordingly. For instance, if we all know the actual population of a city, we will estimate the number of resources it needs. Similarly, we can do the same for animals. If we glance at the human population, we see how it is becoming an explanation for concern.



At present, there are two schools of thought for the theories on population growth. The first is that the pessimistic view developed by Reverend Robert Malthus, a British scholar. He believed that the resources available would not be sufficient for citizenry if the human population is not controlled. The other theory is that the optimistic view developed by Julian Simon, who believed that humans could manage the difficulty of the population due to their knowledge and skills. Therefore, this paper will discuss these two theories to increase and affect the world's resources and environment.


I-POPULATION GROWTH RATE


The population growth rate is the rate at which the number of individuals in a population increases in a given period, expressed as a fraction of the initial population.

In 1986 the planet population was 5 billion, then it goes on increasing with a high rate, and if this may be the scenario, then in 2061, it will be approx. 10 billion. As population within the world is currently 2020 growing at the speed of around 1.05% per annum. The present population increase is estimated at 81 million people per annum. The annual rate of growth reached its peak within the late 1960s, where it had been around at 2%. UN data shows that the world population is surpassing 7.7 billion. China is the most populous country within the world, with a population exceeding 1.4 billion. Currently, India features a population of 1,220,800,359 people, and it ranks second consistent with the central intelligence website in comparison to all or any the different countries around the world.

Now, it is time to require control over it because if it goes on, all will need to suffer tons not just economically but naturally.



II-SOLUTIONS FOR CONTROLLING THE POPULATION


· Education- Once the educated people know and understand the harms which the high increase rate possesses. Education, especially education, to women works wonders in controlling the population.


· High need of social control law - A two-child policy may be a government-imposed limit of two children allowed per family, with the perks of state subsidies given only two the primary two children it has been previously utilized in Vietnam. So, now there should be a strict law for the social control law, whether it is criticized by a few people or appraised, but now it is the necessity of the country.


· Easy and cheap availability of contraceptives- Ensuring that folks have quick access to contraception tools will help to avoid the causes of unwanted pregnancies and births. Contraceptives do not only convince to be a crucial social control measure but also prevent the spreading of sexually transmitted diseases like likes AIDS, thus ensuring small healthy families.


· Eradicate poverty- Poverty features a direct reference to the increase. In developing countries of Asia and Africa, child labour, slave trading, and human trafficking are prevalent.


· Women Empowerment- In most developing countries, the ladies folks are not considered as men in terms of force and might. Such opinions are prevalent in Islamic countries, even in India and Bangladesh. Gender discrimination is the primary reason for the increase.


· Spread awareness- People got to be told and help to know the results of getting too many children. Government and Non- government institutions can carry awareness campaigns informing people how they will be unable to supply good education, nutrition, and medical facilities to their children if they need several.


· Providing Incentives- Incentives need to be used to efficient policy measures in combating most development measures issues, including population. Providing a health education or maybe financial incentives are often highly effective population measures.



· Delayed marriages- the matter of kid marriage is prominent in certain countries with a high population like India, Pakistan, or Bangladesh. A wedding at a young age results in an extended span of parturition.


CONCLUSION


In conclusion, overpopulation can cause problems within the depleting natural resources, environmental pollution and degradation, and loss of habitat. Therefore, urgent steps got to be taken to manage human increase to a level, which will be managed well. As there are many solutions to how a population can be controlled, if even a single person will follow, it becomes aware and makes others aware that a profound change will come in society. Thus, a single step can also help to control the population.


SUBMITTED BY-

Saumya Tripathi

Fairfield Institute of Management and Technology

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